of Kerala has in store some of the best Bird
Sanctuaries, Wildlife sanctuaries and national parks
in the country. Kerala wildlife includes Sanctuaries
and National Park like Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
and Eravikulam National Park, Silent Valley National Park,
Kumarakom Bird Sanctuaries etc. Wildlife of
Kerala has a diverse physical environment that provides a
diversity of habitat, each supporting an assemblage of life
forms with distinct biological values.
Eravikulam National Park of Kerala
is 15 kms. from Munnar in Idukki Cuddled amidst the Idukki
district, this National Park of Kerala is spreads over
of 97 sq.km. The wildlife variety includes Tigers, panthers,
wild dogs, civet cats, jungle cats, sloth bears, Nilgiri langurs
and wild boars. The floral diversity which abounds in evergreen
forests and lush grasslands is sure to amaze you. The park
exhibits the breathtaking natural splendor of rolling grasslands
and exotic flowers.
June, July, and August are the monsoon months and this is the
period when the region receives maximum rainfall while April and
May are the hottest months. January and February receive little
rain and the weather is generally clear during this time of the
year. From September to December, the northeast monsoon brings a
little rain and this period along with the months of January and
February are the best time to visit this park.
Nestled on the banks of the Vembanad Lake, Kumarakom Bird
Sanctuary is spread over an area of 14 acres. At this Bird
Sanctuary of Kumarakom there are varieties of kingfishers,
egrets, night herons, golden-backed woodpeckers, paradise
fly-catchers, cuckoos, wood beetle, waterfowl, water duck and
the list is just endless. At Kumarakom bird sanctuary, you will
find loads of indigenous bird species like owl, waterfowl,
egret, Brahminy kite, heron, duck, cormorant, darter, cuckoo,
and the moorhen. In addition, do not miss out the specialty of
the sanctuary that is migratory birds like flycatcher, Parrot,
Siberian crane, teal, lark and many more. Bird sanctuary of
Kumarakom bird sanctuary is quite a fun to visit.
Things to Do:
watching is the prime activity for which people come here from
all round the globe. Boating in the Vembanad Lake is one of the
most pleasuring moments in the sanctuary. If you like solace and
love exploring then Kumarakom is the best place to come.
Wildlife is cuddled in cardamom hills region of the Western
Ghats, the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary holds the credit of being
one of the largest and most frequented wildlife reserves in
India. Spread over an area of 777 sq.km., it was declared a
National Park in 1982. The dam submerged low-lying forest whose
dead tree trunks still jut out of the waters. Along the fringes
of the lake are marshy areas with tall grasslands. This is one
of the richest habitats of large mammals, as it provides both
excellent cover and nourishment in the form of succulent shoots
Flora found in
Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary of Kerala boasts a quite rich and
diverse flora. The flora in Periyar National Park chiefly
comprises of Tropical Evergreen forests (30,500ha) and
Semi-evergreen forests (27,500ha) around the reservoir, and
Moist-deciduous forests and Woody grasslands in the central part
of the park.
The major flora
in the park include the Teak, Rosewood, Terminalia, Eucalyptus,
Sandalwood, Jacaranda (a hardwood timber tree with purple
flowers), Mango, Jamun, Tamarind, Banyan, Pipal, Plumeria,
Gulmohar and Bamboo among many others.
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary:
Wildlife Sanctuary is 60kms from Idukki and is spreads over an
area of 90 sq.km. This Kerala Wildlife Sanctuary is declared as
a wildlife sanctuary in 1984, it lies in the rain shadow region
of the Western Ghats. You can spot a rare giant grizzled
squirrel only here in Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary. Chinnar
Wildlife Sanctuary is home to tigers, elephant, bonnet macaques,
gaur, Kraits, spotted deer, spectacled cobras, sambar turtles,
vipers, little cormorants, darters and black eagles. This place
is perfect for boating and trekking. The undulating natures of
the relief with rugged areas heighten the effect.
Things to Do
2. Trekking to the cultural site (dolmens)
3. Nature trail to the watch tower.
4. Trek to Thoovanam falls.
5. Interpretation activities and medicinal Garden.
6. Tree house at Chinnar.
7. Machans at Koottar,Karakkad and Champakkad.
8. Trekking and camping at Vasyappara.
Park of Kerala is tucked
away at a distance of 40km. from Mannarkkad, Silent valley
spreads over an area of 90 sqkm. The Silent Valley National Park
is the core of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. The Silent Valley
is considered to be the last pristine region of tropical
evergreen forest in India and is an area rich in biodiversity.
The lush tropical greenery, undulating slopes, hills and rivers
make the Silent Valley National Park a beautiful wildlife
tourism destination in Kerala, India. The National Park of
Kerala is also known for the rare and unique herbs and plants
that grow here, as well as the wildlife found in the Silent
Valley, which include elephants, tigers and lion-tailed
at Silent Valley National Park is warm in summer and pleasant in
winter. The temperature rises to a maximum of around 35°C in
June and drops to a moderate 20 °C in December. The Southwest
monsoon lasts from July to September and brings heavy rainfall
to Silent Valley. The humidity can reach 95% and the rainfall
during the year can reach over 1600 mm.
Sanctuary is a charming canopy of dense tropical evergreen
forest, tropical semi – evergreen forest and moist deciduous
forest fringe the scenic lake that surrounds this protected area
on the three sides. There is a picturesque lake located within
the Idukki wildlife sanctuary that is worth visiting during your
wildlife tours to this wildlife sanctuary. The Idukki wildlife
park is covered with dense deciduous and evergreen forests that
provide a natural habitat to a number of animals such as wild
boars, jungle cat, bisons, elephants, wild dogs, deer and bears.
Sanctuary is just 20kms. from Kothamangalam in Eranakulam the
sanctuary is also known as Dr. Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary. This
Kerala Bird Sanctuary is nestled in evergreen forest and
renowned by the name Ornithologist of India. Some of the rare
species of birds are Malabar grey hornbill, crested serpent
eagle, crimson throated barber, peninsular bay owl, rose billed
roller, fairy bluebird, great Indian hornbill, and many more to
captivate the visitors. This globally acclaimed bird sanctuary
owes much of its fame to Dr. Salim Ali, the internationally
renowned ornithologist. It is the exotic microcosm of India's
bird population that brought Dr. Salim Ali to this place. His
efforts were instrumental in the formation of this sanctuary to
a large extent.
The Bird list:
Rare birds like the Crimson-throated Barbet, Bee eater, Sunbird,
Shrike, Black Winged Kite, Night Heron, Falcon, Grey Jungle
Fowl, White-Breasted Water Hen, Hornbill, Ceylon Frogmoth,
Rose-billed Roller and Blue-winged Parakeet live here.
Vazhani Wildlife sanctuary:
is just 25kms. away from Thrissur and is one of the oldest
wildlife reserves. Formed around the twin reservatiors of peech
and Vazhani. The sanctuary is a rich repository of bio –
diversity with several endangered herbs, shrubs , rare medicinal
plants and innumerable variety of orchids. It is a part of the Palapilli Nelliampathy forest and is covered with a thick growth
of dense, moist deciduous and semi-evergreen forests. Situated
in the catchment area of the Peechi and Vazhani dams, you will
find a wide variety of orchids and medicinal plants. An ideal
place for nature lovers, you will be amazed at the flora and the
fauna the Peechi Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary offers.
At the Peechi
Vazhani wildlife sanctuary,
there are herbs, teak and rosewood trees too. As you venture
into the thick forest under able guides, you may be lucky to
spot deer, elks, barking deer, elephants and bison. The
sanctuary has around 25 types of mammals. Carnivorous animals
like the tiger, leopard and fox are also found lurking in the
thick growth. The wildlife sanctuary is also rich in bird life
as more than 60 types of birds and 10 types of snakes are also
found here. Besides the flora and fauna at the sanctuary, one
can also enjoy boat rides at the Lake in the sanctuary.
The Peechi Vazhani wildlife sanctuary has a great variety of
flora and fauna. In fact, there are only a few wildlife
sanctuaries in India that has the variety like that of Peechi
Vazhani wildlife sanctuary. The major species include spotted
deer, leopards, bison, sambar deer, wild dogs, kraits, turtles,
bison and elephants. The Peechi Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary is
also blessed with tiger, barking deer, bonnet macaques, vipers,
darters, little cormorants, and black eagles.
is just 37 kms. from Thrissur with its dense forest. A variety
of birds & butterflies and innumerable trekking trails the
sanctuary that provides heady experience for nature enthusiast.
One can take part in the programs like trekking and bamboo
sanctuary 110kms. from Plakkad and is a home to rare wild
animals. Here one can enjoy boating/ cruising. This Sanctuary is
the most protected ecological piece of Anamalai sub unit of
Western Ghats, surrounded on all sides by protected areas and
sanctuaries of Kerala and Tamil Nadu, the sanctuary is endowed
with a peninsular flora and fauna which are excellently
conserved due to total protection and minimal human
interferences. The sanctuary being a major ecological continuum
from Peechhi to Eravikulam through Anamalai aids the large
viable populations of wildlife.
This Sanctuary is located adjacent to the Anamalai Wildlife
Sanctuary, the 285 km² stretch of forest, known as the
Parambikulam Sanctuary, is one of Kerala’s premier wildlife
reserves. Parambikulam lies in the Anamalai Hills, south of the
Palghat Gap in the Western Ghats. The area is hilly and rocky,
drained by several rivers, including the Parambikulam, the
Sholayar and the Thekkedy.
Things to do:
Enjoy an exhilarating boat cruises on your tour to Parambikulam
Wildlife Sanctuary. There are two watchtowers at Anappadi (8 km)
and Zungam (5 km) offering opportunities have a peek into the
wilderness of the sanctuary. The nearest airport is at 100 km at
Coimbatore from the sanctuary, while the nearest railhead is at
a distance of 60 km at Pollachi.
Wildlife Sanctuary :
wildlife sanctuary of Kerala is made up of two
disontinuous pockets - Muthanga in the South & Tholpetty in the
north. Muthanga is located at 18kms. west of Sulthan Bathery
while Tholpetty is 15kms. from Manathavady. This wildlife
sanctuary is rich in flora and fauna. The management lays
emphasis on scientific conservation with due consideration for
the general lifestyle of the tribals and others who live in and
around the forest. Elephant, spotted deer. Bison, tiger,
cheetah, wild bear etc. can be spotted here. Elephant rides are
arranged by the Forest department.
The climate of Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary of Kerala
is very much influenced by the southwest monsoon that touches it
in the months from June to September. There is good rainfall
during the Northeast monsoon too in the months of October and
November. July receives the highest rainfall while February is
the driest month here. April and May are the hottest months here
while coldest months are January and February.
sanctuary is 35kms. from thalassery in Kannur.
The sanctuary area falls in
Aralam, Kelakam and Kottiyoor revenue villages and is located in
the Northwest slopes of Western Ghats contiguous with the
forests of Coorg (Kodagu) district of Karnataka state.
The only Range of Aralam wildlife
division, which is part of Northern Wildlife Circle (Northern
Sanctuary of Kerala is 30kms. from Trivandrum and is a heaven
for exotic flora & fauna , 12,000 hecters of natural vegetation
is spread across an undulating terrain interspersed with
rushing brooks , flat meadows and gentle slopes . The Neyyar
Wildlife Sanctuary is the place to be for wildlife lovers and
nature gazers. This Sanctuary of Kerala is nestled in the
southeastern part of the Western Ghats, it is a sheer pleasure
to visit this sanctuary amidst the picturesque landscape.
Sprawled over an area of 128 sq km, the reserve was declared a
wildlife sanctuary in 1958. The sanctuary has the impressive
Agasthyakoodam Peak at an elevation of 1,890 meters and the
reservoir extending over an area of 9.06 sq km.
Wildlife Sanctuary :
Sanctuary is 50kms from Trivandrum and is spread over 53 sq. km.
on the Western Ghats. It is interspersed with hillocks, forest &
eucalyptus plantations. The Peppara national park, Kerala,
is a beautiful park with hilly topography and merges partially
with Palode Reserve and Kottoor Reserve. This sanctuary of
wildlife also has a dam built on the Karamana River and is
called the Peppara dam. The list of wild animals and birds can
go on and on! However the wildlife mostly encountered over here
are animals like panthers, wild boar, elephants, tigers, lion
tailed macaque, gaur, sambar, barking deer, Nilgiri Langur, etc.
Wildlife Sanctuary :
wildlife sanctuary of Kerala is 66 kms. from Kollam
the region is unique for its bio-diversity, remains of a Stone
Age culture and an important ecotourism resources.
Shenduruney wildlife Sanctuary of Kerala was the cradle of one
of the oldest river valley civilizations in India, as is proved
by recent archeological studies. Excavations at a large cave in
the northwestern part of the Shenduruney river have yielded
evidence of the remains of Stone Age culture of the Mesolithic
period (5210 - 4420 BC). This cave houses paintings similar to
the Mesolithic paintings found in the caves of central India.
REMEMBER WHILE VISITING WILDLIFE SANCTUARIES IN KERALA
1. The best
time to visit the wildlife sanctuaries is from October to March.
2. The best time to watch wildlife is in the early morning or
3. Binoculars, Measuring tape, notebook, etc. are the various
things that You can carry on your visit.
4. Avoid heavy footwear and clothes that hinder easy movement.
Ideally wear colours that match with the surroundings.
5. Maintain silence while you are in the sanctuary.
6. Do not run when you see the bigger animals. Usually an animal
sight us before we see it and moves away.
7. Do not smoke or wear perfumes on your visit.
8. Do not go very close to carnivores.
9. Be alert at all times.
10. Do not litter the sanctuaries and surroundings.